Personal Pronouns – Nominative Case
As can be seen in the table above, the third-person pronouns for the nominative case are split up by gender (masculine, neuter, feminine), and with plural — regardless of gender — the pronoun is always ‘sie.’
The table below lists all of the personal pronouns in the nominative case. They are listed (top to bottom) from first- to second- to third-person (e.g. ich, du, er/sie/es), followed by the formal second person ‘Sie.’
*Keep in mind that the translation of “er,” “sie,” and “es” to “he,” “she,” and “it” is misleading, as German has gender of nouns, and all nouns are assigned a gender regardless of whether it is an object (an “it” in English). Thus, a table, a sofa, and a lamp are all “it” in English, but are masculine (der Tisch / er), neuter (das Sofa / es), and feminine (die Lampe / sie), respectively, in German.
Here are the personal pronouns for the accusative and dative cases: